In the English language, we have innumerable ways to tie ideas together using the written word. But despite the comfort of having so many options, a multitude of potential pitfalls wait to play havoc with our intended meaning.
At Write, we’re fans of the serial comma, also known as the Oxford comma. This clever comma can help us avoid some common pitfalls.
Take for example the following sentence: While on holiday, they visited Teresa, my aunt and a friend.
This sentence could mean either of the following:
The two meanings are very different — in fact they make the difference between having visited one person and having visited three. If this sentence referred to the latter, a simple serial comma could have whipped its meaning into shape.
Like many guidelines about English grammar, you’re not obliged to use the serial comma — it really comes down to personal choice, or your organisation’s corporate style. But we recommend the serial comma because it can help to clarify the meaning of a sentence: it helps to avoid confusion in lists of three or more items, and can be used before and and or.
The best advice when deciding to use a serial comma in your writing is to be consistent. Once you’ve made up your mind, stick with it. You’ll soon notice the difference the serial comma makes and it might even become a habit.
The serial comma is also called the Oxford comma after its use by printers, readers, and editors at Oxford University Press.